book article example Notes and Bibliography Style

3. Peter LaSalle, “Conundrum: A Story about Reading,” New England Review 38, no. 1 : 95, Project MUSE.
Chicago Manual of Style. “Is the world ready for singular they? We thought so back in 1993.” Facebook, April 17, 2015. sts/10152906193679151.
Readers’ comments are cited in the text or in a note but omitted from a bibliography.
9. Eduardo B , March 9, 2017, comment on Manjoo, “Snap.”
1. Kory Stamper, “From ‘F-Bomb’ to ‘Photobomb,’ How the Dictionary Keeps Up with English,” interview by Terry Gross, Fresh Air , NPR, April 19, 2017, audio, 35:25, s-up-with-english.
3. Brooke Borel, The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking , 92, ProQuest Ebrary.
Personal communications, including email and text messages and direct messages sent through social media, are usually cited in the text or in a note only; they are rarely included in a bibliography.
2. “About Yale: Yale Facts,” Yale University, accessed May 1, 2017, s.
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5. Keng, Lin, and Orazem, “Expanding College Access,” 23.
For more examples, see 14. 20 5–10 in The Chicago Manual of Style . For multimedia, including live performances, see 14. 261–68 .
Bouman, Katie. “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole.” Filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA. Video, 12:51. s/katie_bouman_what_does_a_black_hole_look_like.
Pegoraro, Rob. “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple.” Washington Post , July 5, 2007. LexisNexis Academic.
LaSalle, Peter. “Conundrum: A Story about Reading.” New England Review 38, no. 1 : 95–109. Project MUSE.
Lahiri, Jhumpa. In Other Words . Translated by Ann Goldstein. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016.
For more examples, see 14.1 59 –63 in The Chicago Manual of Style .
7. Rachel A. Bay et al., “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures,” American Naturalist 189, no. 5 : 465,
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Melville, Herman. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale . New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851. stra.edu/moby-dick-the-whale-proofs.html.
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1. “Privacy Policy,” Privacy & Terms, Google, last modified April 17, 2017, s/privacy/.
In a note, cite specific pages. In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part.
The following examples illustrate the notes and bibliography system. Sample notes show full citations followed by shortened citations for the same sources. Sample bibliography entries follow the notes. For more details and many more examples, see chapter 14 of The Chicago Manual of Style . For examples of the same citations using the author-date system, follow the Author-Date link above.
In a note, cite specific page numbers. In the bibliography, include the page range for the whole article. For articles consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. Many journal articles list a DOI . A DOI forms a permanent URL that begins s URL is preferable to the URL that appears in your browser’s address bar.
Pai, Tanya. “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps.” Vox , April 11, 2017. s-easter.
1. Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum ,” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 : 170.
Rutz, Cynthia Lillian. “ King Lear and Its Folktale Analogues.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2013.
book article example Notes and Bibliography Style
book article example Notes and Bibliography Style
1. Cynthia Lillian Rutz, “ King Lear and Its Folktale Analogues” , 99–100.
2. Shao-Hsun Keng, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem, “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality,” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 : 9–10,
1. Pete Souza , “President Obama bids farewell to President Xi of China at the conclusion of the Nuclear Security Summit,” Instagram photo, April 1, 2016, stagram.com/p/BDrmfXTtNCt/.
4. Tanya Pai, “The Squishy, Sugary History of Peeps,” Vox , April 11, 2017, s-easter.
Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life . New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.
6. Kurland and Lerner, Founder s ’ Constitution , chap. 4, doc. 29.
For books consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. For other types of e-books, name the format. If no fixed page numbers are available, cite a section title or a chapter or other number in the notes, if any .
2. Farhad Manjoo, “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera,” New York Times , March 8, 2017, s.com/2017/03/08/technology/snap-makes-a-bet-on-the-cultural-supremacy-of-the-camera.html.
Stamper, Kory. “From ‘F-Bomb’ to ‘Photobomb,’ How the Dictionary Keeps Up with English.” Interview by Terry Gross. Fresh Air , NPR, April 19, 2017. Audio, 35: book article example 25. s-up-with-english.
For more examples, see 14.1 88 – 90 , 14.191–200 , and 14.208 in The Chicago Manual of Style .
1. Herman Melville, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale , 627, stra.edu/moby-dick-the-whale-proofs.html.
1. Jhumpa Lahiri, In Other Words , trans. Ann Goldstein , 146.
Journal articles often list many authors, especially in the sciences. If there are four or more authors, list up to ten in the bibliography; in a note, list only the first, followed by et al . . For more than ten authors , list the first seven in the bibliography, followed by et al .
8. Bay et al., “Predicting Responses,” 466.
Manjoo, Farhad. “Snap Makes a Bet on the Cultural Supremacy of the Camera.” New York Times , March 8, 2017. s.com/2017/03/08/technology/snap-makes-a-bet-on-the-cultural-supremacy-of-the-camera.html.
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice . New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle.
Keng, Shao-Hsun, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem. “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality.” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 : 1–34.
1. Rebecca Mead, “The Prophet of Dystopia,” New Yorker , April 17, 2017, 43.
Yale University. “About Yale: Yale Facts.” Accessed May 1, 2017. s.
2. Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life , 12.
1. Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” in The Making of the American Essay , ed. John D’Agata , 177–78.
3. Katie Bouman, “How to Take a Picture of a Black Hole,” filmed November 2016 at TEDxBeaconStreet, Brookline, MA, video, 12:51, s/katie_bouman_what_does_a_black_hole_look_like.
Citations of content shared through social media can usually be limited to the text . A note may be added if a more formal citation is needed. In rare cases, a bibliography entry may also be appropriate. In place of a title, quote up to the first 160 characters of the post. Comments are cited in reference to the original post.

Kakutani, Michiko. “Friendship Takes a Path That Diverges.” Review of Swing Time , by Zadie Smith. New York Times , November 7, 2016.
8. Austen, Pride and Prejudice , chap. 14.
Conan O’Brien’s tweet was characteristically deadpan: “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets” .
For many more examples, covering virtually every type of book, see 14.100–163 in The Chicago Manual of Style .
D’Agata, John, ed. The Making of the American Essay . Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.
For more examples, see 14.103–5 and 14.106–12 in The Chicago Manual of Style .
4. Michele Truty, April 17, 2015, 1:09 p.m., comment on Chicago Manual of Style, “singular they.”
1. John D’Agata, ed., The Making of the American Essay , 177–78.
1. Sam Gomez, Facebook message to author, August 1, 2017.
4. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice , chap. 3, Kindle.
Satterfield, Susan. “Livy and the Pax Deum .” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 : 165–76.
Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay , edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.
Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. ss-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.
4. Grazer and Fishman, Curious Mind , 37.
1. Michiko Kakutani, “Friendship Takes a Path That Diverges,” review of Swing Time , by Zadie Smith, New York Times , November 7, 2016.
It is often sufficient simply to describe web pages and other website content in the text . If a more formal citation is needed, it may be styled like the examples below. For a source that does not list a date of publication or revision, include an access date .
For more examples, see 14.1 68 – 87 in The Chicago Manual of Style .
Bay, Rachael A., Noah Rose, Rowan Barrett, Louis Bernatchez, Cameron K. Ghalambor, Jesse R. Lasky, Rachel B. Brem, Stephen R. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. “Predicting Responses to Contemporary Environmental Change Using Evolutionary Response Architectures.” American Naturalist 189, no. 5 : 463–73.
Google. “Privacy Policy.” Privacy & Terms. Last modified April 17, 2017. s/privacy/.
Borel, Brooke. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016. ProQuest Ebrary.
3. Rob Pegoraro, “Apple’s iPhone Is Sleek, Smart and Simple,” Washington Post , July 5, 2007, LexisNexis Academic.
In some cases, you may want to cite the collection as a whole instead.
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