What happenes with segments inside TV shows, such as, for example, the “Star in a Reasonably Priced Car” in BBC’s Top Gear ? I presume that it gets typeset like this, inside quotation marks?
Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc.: Underline? Italics? Quotation Marks? | The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation
Jane is right–no matter what you say, and, yes, I agree: “what’s his face” ‘grammar’ was quite rude.
What if I am creating a sign to display book titles and prices? Should I still italicize?
I am writing a short story, and I’m confused of how to state the name of a packet. Those packets that kids get in school and all. Would it be, “Creative Writing” or Creative Writing ?
I am in the process of writing a work of fiction and want to be clear on quotation marks.
In a sentence containing a list of book or manuals, do you put quotes around the books and the manuals names? Are they italicized? What about articles and magazines?
Thanks for this, it helped a lot. Just want to know if this sentence is grammatically incorrect.
Both The Chicago Manual of Style and AP Stylebook have entries which do not recommend quotation marks.
His newest article, “Death by Dessert,” appeared in The New York Times Magazine.
As we mention in the post, book titles and magazine names are italicized, and articles are enclosed in quotation marks. Titles of published manuals are also italicized.
The Chicago Manual of Style recommends that general titles of websites are written without quotation marks or italics. Titled sections, pages, or special features on a website should be placed in quotation marks. Please note that not all style manuals follow the same rules.
Thesis: “Capitalism in the 19th century”. Thesis: “Capitalism in the 19th century” Thesis: Capitalism in the 19th century Thesis Capitalism in the 19th century Thesis “Capitalism in the 19th century”
I’m writing a newsletter and I’ve seen many titles with capital letters but I cannot understand if that a rule. For example I’ve seen “Are You Ready to Have Fun?” instead of “Are you ready to have fun?” which of this is correct?
A good place to start is the Library of Congress online catalog: searchAdvanced .
If I’m stating the title of a chapter within a book, would I need to italicize, underline, or put quotation marks around it?
You first have to determine what kind of title it is. Italicize titles of books, movies, plays, TV shows, newspapers, magazines, websites, music albums, operas, musical theater, paintings, sculptures, and other works of art. Italics are also widely used with names of ships, trains, and planes. Use quotation marks for titles of articles, chapters, poems, song titles, and other shorter works.
How do you deal with titles that end in a question mark? For example, how would you punctuate the following:
Apologies if I’ve overlooked someone who has already noted this.
I like the words “the quiet lake is like a mirror.”.
It’s often the rule to italicize titles of dance works, but what is the rule when dealing with a series of several dance works? Also italicized?
Shakespeare in the Parks Presents Twelfth Night
When referring to parts of a work, you do not need to use any special punctuation unless the part has a title. If it has a title, use quotation marks. Please refer to Chapter 6 for more information. Please refer to “Chapter One: The Adventure Begins.”
2. Text, Paul Simon: Pictures, Paul Levine: Editor, Carol-Ann Redford: Voice Narration, Sandra James: Design, Andrew Lucas
In American English, the title of an article is enclosed in quotation marks. His article, “Death by Dessert,” appeared in The New York Times Magazine.
i’m not sure what to use in this situation… so… i’m doing something similar to this——— One article named ‘Ketchup Is Good For Eyesight’ says “studies show Ketchup helps you see better.” so, would i use the apostrophes to show that that is the title or no? what would i use instead because that many quotation marks just seems like too many
Our rules and guidelines apply to formal writing. Thus, our recommendation applies to “formal texting”: revert to double quotation marks to indicate a book title, like the old days of typewriters where italics were not an option.
You may use italics or quotation marks for conversations conducted in internal dialogue. Differentiate the speakers just as you might for standard dialogue by placing them on separate lines or by attribution. For example:
In Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal,”
While watching “Captain America”, I noted each of the cliches that passed before my eyes.
Yes, the Brits have it right. We should stop putting other punctuation inside quotation marks. Quite often it’s completely illogical.
This is a sticky one, especially in American English, where “Periods and commas ALWAYS go inside quotation marks.” We know of no definitive answer, but we’ll venture some possibilities:
You should be able to use italics if you are using a computer. If you only have a typewriter, you may underline titles.
If you are using the exact words of other persons or books, you should use quotation marks and provide citations identifying those sources.
If “Audit Work Schedule” is the formal title of a document or a chapter in a larger work, it should be capitalized and put in quotation marks. If you are simply referring to a schedule generically, write “The audit work schedule has been updated to reflect the data for fiscal year 2014.”
If I am writing a quote how is it supposed to be formated? For example, the famous quote: “I solemnly swear that I am up to no good.” from The Prisoner of Azkaban . How am I supposed to write the author? Do I use ‘by’ and a colon? Like: “…” by: J.K. Rowling Is it supposed to be a dash, like: “…” –J.K. Rowling Do I put the book title ? Do I need to put the specific character who said it? The page number?
When using AP Style Citations for books and you cannot italicize, does one use an underscore on the front and back ends of a title or is there another way of idetifying italics?
Normally, we would italicize the name of the play, but since it is included within a book title , how does one differentiate the two?
We hope you do become an English teacher. Good ones can be inspirational for students.
Does it matter if a report is a five-page one or a seven-hundred-page one?
We recommend “Parul Sehgal: An Ode to Envy,” rather than using lowercase.
I want to ask two questions: is the usage of the phrase “for example” right and should I add another period mark after the quotation. In other words, am I right if I write like this?
If it is a published manual or handbook, it should go by the same rule. The title is written Drainage Design Manual . If the specific volume or table has a title, the title is enclosed in quotation marks. If it has a number, it would be referred to as vol. 1, table 3, “Parking Lot Drainage Requirements,” for example.
The leading style manuals The Chicago Manual of Style and The Associated Press Stylebook do not appear to address this topic at all. However, we were able to find the following on the website of the National Library Service:
I am 100 percent in agreement with you. I am a strict grammarian – certainly not the best, but pretty good and take it seriously as a graduate of a major university Journalism school. I was taught in my “English 101” class and throughout four years of J-school classes, the following: in all cases, ending punctuation marks ALWAYS are behind parenthetical marks, brackets, all forms of quotation marks and there are no exceptions to this rule — period and end of story Also, I follow the “AP Style Book,” which by the way does publish regularly new editions to address changing times and its impact on the usage of the English language. AP style supports Jane’s advice.
For instances; “I liked ‘The Tale of Two Cities’ more the second time I read it” – Anonymous
Has the proper use of “However” changed? I was taught that it shouldn’t appear at the beginning of a sentence and words such as “Yet” and “Nevertheless” are correct. I see you used “However” to open your second sentence on this page. I do recognize that language, grammar, and spelling evolves. For example, I have stopped using the second space between sentences, especially in electronic communications. What is the current thought with proper and common usage for the word “However?” Was your use a mistake or do I need to update my understanding and usage? Thank you.
I have a question regarding an older device, specifically using the conjunction “or” to delineate subtitles in a book or a play.
Is this punctuated correctly? According to CMS should there be a comma after the quotation mark?
The article “Dogs on Fire” is a great read!”
See ‘Importing a Site’ in the “Procedures” chapter.
When writing the title of a book with a subtitle on the same line and the subtitle begins with an article , is the article capitalized?
How are quotations handled in this instance? Should the period be placed inside the quote, or outside? Would italics be in order for either instance?
That Time magazine article “Your Brain on Drugs” was fascinating.
Titles of chapters in books should be in quotation marks . When referring to parts of a book, you do not need to use any special punctuation unless the parts have a title .
Yes, you may refer to the title of the article in mid-sentence. Your essay contains a number of grammatical errors that should be corrected.
“The Struggle to Revive ‘Honest Services,’” The Daily Journal , Nov. 16, 2010.
That looks fine to us. However, if you were required to follow a specific format, you should refer to that specific style guide. For example, MLA format is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities, Associated Press style provides guidelines for news writing, and APA style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. Each format has different rules.
Now that we have digital means of adapting language, it is beneficial to evolve it more logically. There is no need for typesetter rules, nor any other conventions that were a result of technological limitations, or stylings. I personally, and logically use the following method: punctuation within the quotation marks only when the punctuation belongs to the quoted text, and punctuation outside of the quote when it belongs to the non-quoted text.
Should Billy’s comment be on the line with what Sally said or under what Sally said? And should it be Sally said or said Sally and the same with Said Billy?
Example: It’s All Relative: a Memoir of Two Fathers or It’s All Relative: A Memoir of Two Fathers
Yes, both sentences are punctuated incorrectly but there is another error as well. According to The Chicago Manual of Style , “Titles of movies and of television and radio programs and series are italicized. A single episode in a television or radio series is set in roman and enclosed in quotation marks.” Therefore, italics are used instead of quotation marks in reference to the movies Captain America and Inception .
We were able to find the following excerpt from The History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach : “Dances are works of art: therefore, the titles of sections of dances should be enclosed in quotation marks The names of ballets and modern dance works are printed in italics, such as Swan Lake .” We do not see why a series of dance work titles would be treated any differently.
When using punctuation after an italicized title, am I correct in NOT italicizing the punctuation? E.G. Did you enjoy the book Sheila the Great?
Quotation marks are not necessary, nor does the word oracle generally need to be capitalized. For example: the oracle at Delphi.
It’s funny, but this has always annoyed me as well. The British rule puts the period/comma outside of the quotation marks. Do you know if this was always the case or if they “evolved”?
While watching Captain America , I noted each of the cliches that passed before my eyes.
How do I put a reference to the Mayflower Compact in my essay? I am trying to say It began in 1620 with the Mayflower Compact and ended in …
We will consider adding this to the next edition of The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation .
Use the capitalization rules outlined in the post Capitalizing Composition Titles: The Lowdown , and italicize the title.
I have been going through the various posts looking for the answer to my question, but alas, have not found it.
The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Titles of unpublished works—theses, dissertations, manuscripts in collections, unpublished transcripts of speeches, and so on—are set in roman type, capitalized as titles, and enclosed in quotation marks. Names of manuscript collections take no quotation marks.”
But commas are used when “latest” or “newest” is used:
I’m writing software documentation and would like to refer to a section of a chapter. For example:
QUESTION: Formatting a Book: Chapter Titles. If chapter titles are set in roman, would a name that definitely would be italicized in the text be italicized if part of a chapter title. Example of chapter title: Sinking of the Titanic. Would Titanic be italicized in the book’s chapter title? or only in the text?
I am finishing my novel of outback Australia and wish to call it Walkabout Creek after my granddaughter’s race horse. How can I find out if there is already a book of that name?
Robert Frost – poet. “The Road Not Traveled”; “Nothing Gold Can Stay”; “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”…
Since it is not running text, you may wish to treat your paragraph the way you would an epigraph. An epigraph is a quotation at the beginning of a book or chapter of a book that includes the author’s name and can also include the book title. The book title is preferably italicized, and you may use an em dash before the author’s name, but it is optional. The following are two examples of epigraphs from The Chicago Manual of Style:
I haven’t found the answer to my question, which is how does one style the names of internal divisions in a work? Here are two examples:
“I liked A Tale of Two Cities more the second time I read it.” – Anonymous
Phyllis Bourque states: This is similar in principal to the use of certain words such as labour vs labor, amongst vs among, or shall vs will–King’s English vs American English. Pity about her misspelling the word ‘principal’ instead of ‘principle’. I live in South Africa and prefer the comma after the quotation mark because it is not part of the quotation.
I recently composed an email for a client. It is intended to be sent to 600 opt-in subscribers and contained the name of a website/online event. I was inclined to italicize it, but thought I’d check with you. Should it be since it is a title and might even be proprietary? I have queried the event’s press department but have had no response yet.
I’m assuming that websites are treated like magazine and newspaper publications in that they are also italicized and pieces within them are put between quotation marks. Is this assumption correct? Does the purpose or content have an effect on this rule?
Reports can follow different formats, such as MLA or Chicago style. It is important to find out which format is required for the report you are doing. For example, in MLA format, the title of a website is italicized when you are citing it. Chicago Manual of Style says no italics. They both agree on putting a website article in quotation marks. Other information may also be required. If you find that you need to do your report in MLA format, you may want to visit the MLA section of the Purdue Owl website.
As we state in the post, titles of books are italicized. Underlining generally substitutes for italics in a handwritten work. If the work is not handwritten, we do not recommend underlining.
According to John Brown’s article, “This is Ridiculous!” you must smile while walking.
The Chicago Manual of Style’s Rule 13.73 says, “A translation may follow the original in parentheses—or, as in 13.74, the original may follow a translation. Quotation marks need not be repeated for the parenthetical translation ; any internal quotation marks, however, should be included .”
It can be very deflating to find out that a rule that we had once studied hard to learn is no longer valid. This may even result in outrage and “shooting the messenger.” Note that the period is inside the quotation marks. Languages evolve over time; rules governing grammar and punctuation change. That’s why we consult our “professional resources” before advising readers on the rules. Here is a typical entry from just one such respected source, The Associated Press Stylebook : “Follow these long-established printers’ rules: –The period and the comma always go within the quotation marks. –The dash, the semicolon, the question mark and the exclamation point go within the quotation marks when they apply to the quoted matter only. They go outside when they apply to the whole sentence.”
According to AP Stylebook , “Article titles are generally enclosed in double quotes when cited in a story.”
In headlines, does one use quotation marks or italics?
Thanks for taking the time to post a compliment, Megan. We appreciate it.
When a new speaker speaks, you should start a new paragraph. The word said can come either before or after the name. In your second sentence there should be a comma after the word later and a period after the word Billy. The word said should not be capitalized. “I am going to the store,” Sally said. “OK, I will see you later,” said Billy.
We recommend that book titles be italicized. If you must use quotation marks, the exclamation point goes outside the quotation marks unless the exclamation point is actually part of the title.
The Three Musketeers was written by Alexandre Dumas.
Our rule 8 of Capitalization states, “Always capitalize the first and last words of titles of publications regardless of their parts of speech. Capitalize other words within titles, including the short verb forms Is, Are, and Be .” Chicago Manual of Style says to capitalize all major words, including nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and some conjunctions. Since the word it is a pronoun, capitalize that as well. Also, our blog Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc. says that book titles are italicized and not enclosed in quotation marks.
Yes, the title is italicized. Then Bob said, “I was just reading Cannery Row last night and I really enjoyed it.”
There is one standard exception to the U.S. or the Typesetter’s rule. That is, if putting the comma or period inside the quotation marks would confuse the meaning, put the comma or period outside the quotation. Examples of this would be legal language, technical specification or a computer string . However, even then, if the quoted passage is not the end of a sentence this irregular situation might be avoided by preceding the period with an ellipsis. Or, in the case of a search string, it would be better to italicize it. That obviates the need for “Do not include the quotes.” Incidentally, the overall inside/outside rule applies applies whether a single or double quotation mark. And if one period is set outside the quotation mark for clarity or accuracy, other instances should follow the usual “inside-the-quotes” style.
What about Inequality Matters , “a 2013 report by the United Nations”?
Where italics are unavailable, normal quotation marks are the next best option based on extrapolation of The Chicago Manual of Style ‘s recommendation that “Titles of long or short works appearing within an italicized title are enclosed in quotation marks.” Perhaps Facebook will provide italics if enough users contact them about the problem.
Prior to computers, people were taught to underline titles of books and plays and to surround chapters, articles, songs, and other shorter works in quotation marks. However, here is what The Chicago Manual of Style says: When quoted in text or listed in a bibliography, titles of books, journals, plays, and other freestanding works are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and other shorter works are set in roman and enclosed in quotation marks.
As our blog states, most newspapers follow The Associated Press Stylebook , which has its own rules because italics cannot be sent through AP computers. The AP Stylebook’s rule regarding book titles, computer game titles, movie titles, opera titles, play titles, poem titles, album and song titles, radio and television program titles, and the titles of lectures, speeches, and works of art states, “Put quotation marks around the names of all such works except the Bible and books that are primarily catalogs of reference material. In addition to catalogs, this category includes almanacs, directories, dictionaries, encyclopedias, gazetteers, handbooks and similar publications. Do not use quotation marks around such software titles as WordPerfect or Windows.”
How would you cite the name of Shakespeare’s play in this book:
Our post Capitalizing Composition Titles: The Lowdown ends: “Capitalizing composition titles is fraught with gray areas. Pick a policy and be consistent.” In our own newsletters we capitalize in accordance with the rules in the post just mentioned. However, some newspaper editors capitalize their headlines and article titles and some capitalize only the first letter. It’s up to you .
Please refer to Chapter 1, “Introduction to the Project,” of the City’s draft report…
In formal writing, single quotation marks are only valid within a quotation . Single quotation marks are sometimes used in newspaper headlines to save space. Our position is that content on the Internet should be treated the same as content in print.
Yes, this is correct. However, capitalizing the titles of pleadings may be considered enough in terms of setting them off from the rest of the text.
What about the names of websites, are they italicised or put in quotes?
Does the period at the end of a sentence also always go inside the quotation marks? Example: It hurt my ears when Jane shouted “Stop that.” If that is correct then I have been doing it wrong whenever a quotation comes at the end of a sentence.Also, is it optional to include a comma after the word “shouted” in my example sentence?
Example: That Time magazine article, “Your Brain on Drugs,” was fascinating. Note that the word “magazine” was not italicized because that is not part of the actual name of the publication.
The Chicago Manual of Style’s rule says, “Titles of long or short works appearing within an italicized title are enclosed in quotation marks, regardless of how such titles would appear alone.”
In my letter, should I have placed the exclamation marks within the quotation marks, right after the question mark?
How do I show that I’m referring to a book when posting on Facebook? I use my smart phone.
The placement of question marks with quotation marks follows logic . If a question is within the quoted material, a question mark should be placed inside the quotation marks. The question Will you marry me? is part of the quotation. Only one form of punctuation is used at the end of a sentence. The first word in a complete quotation should be capitalized, even in midsentence. A comma is used to introduce a direct quotation. Also, use commas to set off the name, nickname, term of endearment, or title of a person directly addressed. Therefore, write the following: Oh my God, Terry, I nearly fainted when he stood up in church and shouted, “Will you marry me?”
Please can you tell me what’s the general rule one should follow?
e.g. I was viewing the film “Spirited Away”.
I have always placed the punctuation inside the quotation marks; any other application looks awkward to me.
Do you underline every first letter in an essay, make all letters capital or you put it in quote?
Since the ‘” looks really unprofessional for some reason.
The Chicago Manual of Style’s Rule 14.224 says, “Titles of unpublished works appear in quotation marks—not in italics.” For information on capitalizing titles, please see our Rule 16a of Capitalization . Thesis: “Capitalism in the 19th Century”
What if the title comes at the end of a sentence and is a question? EX: Have you seen the movie “Wild at Heart”? Question mark inside or outside the quotation mark?
10 Years of Excellence: A look back at milestones
British: His article, ‘Death by Dessert’, appeared … American: His article, “Death by Dessert,” appeared …
I need some help on my essay. This is what I want to say, ” Each article makes different points and have different perspectives on safe spaces. One point and counterpoint would be the article, “Safe Spaces and First Amendment Rights: Do Safe Spaces Belong on College Campuses?” is passionate about the safe spaces and thinks they should be enforced. However, in the point part of the article, “Point/Counterpoint: Do you save spaces belong on college campuses?” is against the concept. ” I need to state and refer to the articles nut it it correct to have them in the middle of the sentence like that? And does it make sense?
how can I tell if I am supposed to use quotation marks instead of italicizing the word???
Is this example punctuated correctly? If not, what would be correct?
The affirmation would go in quotes if it is being attributed to a specific speaker. Examples: “I am the master of my own mind, and my mind is fabulous,” Reverend Tom Smith told the crowd. “I am the master of my own mind, and my mind is fabulous,” Reverend Tom Smith thought to himself.
Why do newspapers put movie and book titles in quotes? I’ve always been taught that these are italicized . Is this different for newswriting?
À vrai dire, Abélard n’avoue pas un tel rationalisme: “je ne veux pas être si philosophe, écrit-il, que je résiste à Paul, ni si aristotélicien que je me sépare du Christ.”
I’m trying to find out how to punctuate a book with a subtitle. I’ve normally seen subtitles with a colon; however, there is no punctuation in the actual title of the book on the cover since it is on a separate line. In writing the title with both on the same line, how should I separate the two?
Rules for titles of packets of information are not specifically mentioned by the style guides. Since titles of unpublished works such as theses, dissertations, and manuscripts are enclosed in quotation marks, we recommend treating the packet as an “unpublished work” and using quotation marks.
Let’s say in a writing, for example, “I am going to the store,” Sally said. “Ok, I will see you later.” Said Billy
Since a dissertation could qualify as a book-like work, one solution could be to use italics: In my dissertation, titled How should I punctuate this?, I investigate the elusive title-question-combo punctuation issue. If you had more than one dissertation, the title could be considered essential information: In my dissertation How should I punctuate this? I investigate the elusive title-question-combo punctuation issue. OR In my dissertation titled “How should I punctuate this?” I investigate the elusive title-question-combo punctuation issue.
” John is having difficulty with commas, capital letters and question marks.” Do the names of these punctuation marks require capitalisation?
Am I correct in thinking that periods are not used in titles if the title is just a sentence fragment? This title is part of a graphic used for signs/banners on our website and projector screen in our church sanctuary and is announcing a new sermon series.
What if I wanted to write about a specific volume and mention a specific table? How would it look like within the text?
So glad I just discovered your blog. I am citing a publication that ends with quotation marks: “The Struggle to Revive ‘Honest Services,’” The Daily Journal , Nov. 16, 2010. Does the first comma go after “Services” and before the quotation marks? Or does it go between the last two closed quotation marks ? Thanks!
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We do not know why your title would be in all caps, but in regard to foreign terms The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Italics are used for isolated words and phrases in a foreign language if they are likely to be unfamiliar to readers . If a foreign word becomes familiar through repeated use throughout a work, it need be italicized only on its first occurrence. If it appears only rarely, however, italics may be retained.”
I’ve been searching a long time for an answer to a question that seems to be of no interest to anyone else on the Internet. Here goes . . . Does a theme for a church program go in quotation marks? Our new theme, The Anatomy of Discipleship, looks naked without quotation marks. I can’t find an answer anywhere.
I’m under a deadline: How shall I punctuate a book title that appears in an italicized paragraph? Thanks!!!
The Chicago Manual of Style’s rule reads, “A colon, also italicized, is used to separate the main title from the subtitle. A space follows the colon. The subtitle, like the title, always begins with a capital letter.
Our Rule 4 of Quotation Marks says, “Periods and commas always go inside quotation marks.” This rule is customary in the United States. Our Rule 13c. of Commas says, “If a quotation functions as a subject or object in a sentence, it might not need a comma.” Since “Stop that” is a direct object, the comma is not required.
I stumbled over this site when looking for the rule on puntuation of titles. As usual, when the site isn’t directly related to professional resources, I discovered an error. Jane said to put the comma and /or the period INSIDE the quotes. How WRONG! Now really, do you think the comma – or the period – is PART of the quote?!? Jane must not have been paying attention in her grammar classes. Also; since when does the use of computers change the rules of anything? They are merely tools of people. People need to learn what has been established as correct, especially when they turn to self-proclaimed experts for advice.
I’m wondering about the use of short story and poem titles, in lists and elsewhere. Which of the following is correct?
Similes used in different situations have different effects. An example of this is “the quiet lake is like a mirror.” This simile gives readers a sense of peace.
Please refer to Chapter 6 for more information
Is it within the rules of AP Style to italicize the name of a band? Or is the name simply capitalized?
In the title of a chapter, when a foreign word is used, should that word be italicized?
The Day is Dawning reveals a similarity between…
Are quotation marks necessary around the title of an Oracle? As in: There is an ancient prophecy called, The Oracle of Blah Blah Blah.
One of her programs is the worldwide day of play. WHAT SHOULD I DO TO SENT.????
Example: Click on Save As; name your file “appendix A, v. 10”.
In Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal”,
The Handsome Gentleman; or, The Frog was Kissed
Does the length of a stageplay affect how it is formatted in text? In specific, when one is referring to a one-act play, should it be italicized or placed in quotes in the same way that a longer stageplay would be? Thank you.
You will be at home in countries that follow British English rules. American English, however, still requires that periods and commas always go inside the closing quotation mark.
The article “Dogs on Fire” is a great read. John said, “The article ‘Dogs on Fire’ is a great read.”
I hope you will incorporate my new rule in your grammar documentation, and encourage others to do the same.
I am working on revisions to the Facilities Use Policy for my church and would like to know if this title should be italicized, in quotes, or capitalized when referenced in the text of the policy or elsewhere. In the policy I also refer to other documents, e.g., Facilities Use Application & Agreement and Hold Harmless Agreement and have the same question as to their proper punctuation. What about the different sections of the policy? Is it similar to the monthly newsletter Rob asked about on 7/31/12?
There are no special punctuation rules for store names. They are written just as you wrote them.
Quotation marks are not used for paraphrased quotes. Only the author’s exact words should be surrounded by quotation marks. A book title is italicized.
Our blog Quotations Within Quotations provides more information on the topic of quotations within quotations. Your sentence does not seem to be an example of a quotation within a quotation. The title of the book is A Tale of Two Cities . We recommend writing your quote as follows:
According to The Chicago Manual of Style , “Titles of movies and of television and radio programs and series are italicized.”
Is it proper to put thoughts in italics or quotation marks? i.e., “Please let this child graduate,” she contemplates.
You are welcome. Good luck with your study of English.
The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Pamphlets, corporate reports, brochures, and other freestanding publications are treated essentially as books.” Since your handbook contains more than one article and is broken down in article-like sections, you should italicize the title and put the different sections in quotation marks. Legal documents and forms should not have quotation marks or italics but should be capitalized.
What about the name of a textbook? Do you quote it or underline it when you are writing?
The formal name of a document should be capitalized, however it is not italicized or set in quotation marks. You have written it correctly.
Does the rule change with semicolons, as in the two following examples of reference material?
A line from Goethe, “Wer nie sein Brot mit Tränen aß” , comes to mind.
R and ) are incorrect and rude. To curtly tell someone to “Get it right!” is mean. Please folks, if you have not yet taken college level English 101 or even a high school debate class, please do so.
Pls give a good tittle for my new book which is a students educational guide book, & name should attract the students and should be a variety name and cachy pls give a good name for my students guide book quick as possible……..
Do manuals and handbooks go by this rule as well? The name of the manual is Drainage Design Manual.
Thank you for your insight Jane. Grammar Ericson, I have never seen a period placed after quotation marks nor have I ever seen a semicolon follow the word also.
Names of websites are not generally italicized or enclosed in quotation marks, because they are usually made into Internet links that result in the names standing out. The style manuals do not address online events specifically; however, a substantive title given to a single meeting, conference, speech, or discussion is usually enclosed in quotation marks in formal prose.
So is it wrong and does it look wrong to you to have them in quotation marks?
The latest Time magazine article, “Your Brain on Drugs,” was fascinating.
I am the author of a book that includes affirmations. These are not quoted from another source. At the beginning of each chapter, I initially state the affirmations, and often insert the affirmations throughout the book for emphasis.
Our Rule 5 of Question Marks says, “The placement of question marks with quotation marks follows logic. If a question is within the quoted material, a question mark should be placed inside the quotation marks.” In your example the question is outside the quoted material.
P.S. Recently, I have noticed that online articles will use single quotation marks instead of italics. People are forgetting how grammar works.
I would also like to say that this is a great website! I was looking for the punctuation rule on book titles. I have a writer who has written:
Oh, now I see someone has already provided a variation of my typesetting origin for end punctuation of quotations. Sorry for the redundancy. Frankly, I think size makes more sense than fragility though.
I am the master of my own mind and my mind is fabulous.
“I can feel her heartbeat for a thousand miles/ And the heavens open up every time she smiles/”
Our blog “How to Reference Books and Articles in Text” addresses this issue. Current style manuals recommend italicizing book titles and magazine names and using quotation marks around articles and chapters.
I’d like to add 3 quotes to my homepage. In each case, I’d like to offer more than just the quote and a name and I’d like to get the punctuation correct. For example, one quote reads:
It would seem that the right or wrong of this grammar rule is influenced by who you are writing to. This is similar in principal to the use of certain words such as labour vs labor, amongst vs among, or shall vs will–King’s English vs American English. I have done editing for both British and American publications, and I go by their respective rules.
Quotation marks are fine; however, place the period inside the final quotation mark: “Spirited Away.”
Example: His article, “Death by Dessert,” appeared in The New York Times Magazine .
The Chicago Manual of Style’s Rule 8.15 says, “Titles of movies and of television and radio programs and series are italicized. A single episode in a television or radio series is set in roman and enclosed in quotation marks.” Therefore, you are correct.
“Periods and commas always go within the closing quotation marks because, in typesetting in the 1800s, article/book title example the pieces of type for the comma and period were the most fragile and could easily break. Putting them within quotation marks — even when it isn’t logical — protected them. This is why this is often called typesetters’ rules.
Won awards in national contests for promotional efforts related to the movie releases of Disney’s “The Lion King,” “Pocahontas,” and “Toy Story.”
The Chicago Manual of Style says, “When quoted in text or listed in a bibliography, titles of books, journals, plays, and other freestanding works are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and other shorter works are set in roman and enclosed in quotation marks.” Therefore, use italics for play titles and quotation marks for titles of poems.
If you are writing a book with a question as the title, do you punctuate title? For instance, if the book is titled Who is George Washington by John Doe, on the title page, would it be correct to write:
I feel that it should be ‘Death by Desert’, with the comma after, because the comma is not part of the title.
In American English, periods and commas are placed inside quotation marks . Semicolons should not be used in your final example, since the titles in your series do not contain commas .
I’m not sure that I understand your question. I would recommend a colon to separate the title from the subtitle, particularly if both are on the same line.
We recommend the following, which is close to your second option. Note our use of semicolons and our lowercasing of job descriptions. Text, Paul Simon; pictures, Paul Levine; editor, Carol-Ann Redford; voice narration, Sandra James; design, Andrew Lucas .
“The Three Musketeers” was written by Alexandre Dumas.
Thank you Donna! I am taking a college proofreading exam at the moment and that helps me to stop questioning myself!
If I am writing am including a previously published article in my newsletter, how do I correctly say this. As of now I have an italicized sentence at the top of the article that mentions it was published in the such and such journal. If that sentence is already italicized, how would I correctly site the title of the publication?
Are the quotes around the article title in line with AP style?
If the title is a question, a question mark should be used at the end.
Simile used in different situation has different effect. For example, “the quiet lake is like a mirror.” This simile gives readers a sense of peace.
1960s–’70s, Panama City, Panama, Parade 1960s–1970s, Panama City, Panama, Parade
You have not specified what sort of title this is. If it is a subheading within a document, it may not require underlining, italics, or quotation marks. Depending on the formatting used in the document, you might use bold or larger font.
The typesetting rule is an interesting piece of history. Thanks for sharing. Regarding your writer, the book title should be in italics only in both cases, as stated in the above grammar tip.
Titles of articles require quotation marks, even if there is a quotation in the same sentence.
My question is, in the Drivers Guide, when I refer to the Drivers Guide, how should I punctuate the title, “Drivers Guide?” For example, a sentence of the Guide might say, “This Drivers Guide covers policies and procedures for drivers.”
For more information, see our post Internal Dialogue: Italics or Quotes? and our Quotation Marks Rules for more guidance.
I forgot the The Luxembourg Income Study. How does one typeset that?
What about when its a section, etc., within a larger document like policies or bylaws? For example, what would be correct if you were to type the following sentence? At the meeting, Policy 102 Dress Code, was revised as the committee requested.
My boss always wants to put quotation marks around the titles of his pleadings when he references them in the text of the document. Is this correct?
If the chapter has a title at the beginning, you may put it in quotation marks or italicize it, but your use of single quotation marks is incorrect. See “Importing a Site” in the “Procedures” chapter.
I’m referring to an earlier section of a book within that same book Should the section title, Getting Started, be in ital or quotation marks?
I find that this is one of the most common mistakes, due in part to the fact that in the British press the rule is the opposite of the American press.
Titles appearing within an italicized passage are generally roman. A few editors choose to enclose them in quotation marks.
Italics do not include punctuation marks next to the words being italicized unless those punctuation marks are part of the actual title. Did you enjoy the book Sheila the Great ?
Thanks so much for all of the great detail here! What about the title of a monthly newsletter? When I refer to the newsletter on my website or in other articles, I have been using italics for the title. Is this correct?
The correct name is the official name of the school.
You’re amazing! I wonder if my question is like the one above from August 8, 2010.
I’ve never liked the way that Affirmations are written without quotations marks. Since the purpose of an Affirmation is literally to be in the present and in the moment, I always feel that when you put this in quotes, it immediately makes you feel like you are really “saying it” than just reading it.
A comma is recommended after “begin.” The next two commas are fine. The last one should go inside the quotation marks.
So there are a lot of questions about punctuation belonging inside the quotes and I do agree. But how about for this example: I am often on a “diet”. I call it air quotes. Another example might be: When my sister started nursing school, she would answer all health-related questions as if she was an “expert”. Sorry that I can’t come up with better examples, I can’t see to come up with a single one that I have actually used!
Could you tell me why does The New Yorker sets in roman and encloses in quotation marks the title of a book called Handbook of Economic Inequality here?
I have you saved under “Jonker” for some reason.
I can’t find the answer to this question anywhere, but I am sure you will know: what do I do when two “rules” conflict? In my case, the two rules are to italicise foreign words, and to use roman font within quotation marks for the title of an article. So what does one do with a journal article that is in a foreign language? In other words, should one write an article title as “Les paroles du jour” or “ Les paroles du jour “?
According to a kidshealth.org article about extracurricular activities, “the most basic reason for joining a club or team is that it gives you something better to do than staring at the wall, wandering the hall, or napping all afternoon. People who are involved and engaged are less likely to become addicted to bad habits, like smoking or drinking” .
Just to confirm, are the following sentences wrongly punctuated?
I have created a new rule for the use of Quotation Marks. I believe it would be appropriate for you to incorporate this rule in your publications. My new rule is “When appropriate, punctuation may be placed outside the quotation marks.”
The Audit Work Schedule has been updated to reflect the data for fiscal 2014.
If you were writing this as prose, it would be: “I can feel her heartbeat for a thousand miles, and the heavens open up every time she smiles.”
Also note that, when quoted in text or listed in a bibliography, titles of books, journals, plays, and other freestanding works are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and other shorter works are set in roman and enclosed in quotation marks.
The above is quoted from: sonstyle.blogspot.com/2010/03/national-grammar-day-us.html
Thank you for clarifying this issue and for the mnemonic device.
Regarding the use of italics, titles of books, journals, plays, and other freestanding works are italicized. As far as using italics for emphasis, Chicago Manual of Style says, “Use italics for emphasis only as an occasional adjunct to efficient sentence structure. Overused, italics quickly lose their force. Seldom should as much as a sentence be italicized for emphasis, and never a whole passage.”
Song titles and lyrics are both enclosed in quotes. AP Stylebook recommends slashes at the end of each line of lyrics and capitalization of the word starting each line.
Quotation marks should be used in direct quotations to surround the exact words of a speaker or writer, or to surround titles of articles, chapters, and other shorter works. Our Rule 1 of Quotation Marks says, “Periods and commas always go inside quotation marks, even inside single quotes.”
I want to know what to do in a phone text where one can neither underline nor italicize a written work. I have been using apostrophes to identify a work. ‘Lord of the Flies.’
How about events whereas I’d like to include the name of the country:
Please know that you provide an invaluable service, regardless of what some rather snarky readers might post!
Thanks for your advice. I´ve read it carefully and corrected my essay. Your advice is really useful. I think I will consult your website another time. Thanks again.
Omitting the commas could also be correct depending on the writer’s interpretation in this case. Either method is acceptable. “For more information on appositives, see our post Commas with Appositives.
When you write a play title, do you underline it? What do you do when you write a poem title?
As stated on the home page of our website, represents American English rules. Rule number 1 of quotation marks is that periods and commas always go inside quotation marks. You will have a very hard time finding any American reference books on punctuation that will advise otherwise.
How do I properly write the name of an original play when it is the heading of the program?
Should the “collection of essays” The Unsustainable American State be in roman and enclosed in quotation marks as well?
The words “programs” and “offers” are vague. The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Writers or editors working with highly musicological material should consult D. Kern Holoman, Writing about Music .”
For example: For a directory listing using Linux, you may enter “ls –al.” This would not produce the correct result as “ls –al.” is very different from “ls –al”. Therefore, I have created and use the rule “When appropriate, punctuation may be placed outside the quotation marks.”
Note that the and magazine are both capitalized and set off because the name of the publication is The New York Times Magazine .
If you want to make reference to a website on a ‘report’ would you put it in italics? ex: ted.com and if I would like to talk about a certain presentation from the website, would I present it as such: “Parul Sehgal: An ode to envy.” or “Parul Sehgal: An Ode to Envy.”?
Titles appearing within an italicized passage may be enclosed in quotation marks or written in roman type.
The names of websites are not placed in quotation marks or italics. You may use italics and quotes throughout an article as outlined in our blog Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc.: Underline? Italics? Quotation Marks? Regarding other words, the answer is very much up to the author. For a good example of how an author chose a mixture of quotation marks and italics, see our blog Word Nerds: Verbal custodians trapped in a time warp . Whether you continue to italicize a word or not depends on the context. If you continue to use the word in the same context, you should continue to place it in italics. There is no hard and fast answer to this.
What about the name of a band? Should that go in quotation marks or italics?
If so, are quotes necessary whenever the Oracle of Blah Blah Blah is mentioned in the document? Or, are first letter caps okay? Finally, Is it necessary to also capitalize the “T” in the Oracle of Blah Blah Blah? Thank you.
With the advent of computers, and their lack of flexibility regarding data entry, quotation mark rules must allow for all writing punctuation to remain outside the quotation marks. The rule that the period should be inside the quotes was probably created because it looked better on the written page, but it is not true to the spirit of a quote. The spirit of a quote is to represent, exactly, what was or to be communicated, regardless of someone’s opinion of proper punctuation. When using computers, the quotation would be frequently rendered inaccurate if the punctuation is included inside the quotes.
Some people certainly are annoyed that the rule for question marks with quotation marks follows logic, but commas and periods with quotation marks is just a rote rule. The English language, including grammar and punctuation, is constantly changing, but it is anybody’s guess as to when or if the rule will change over time.
It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice
Should I underline and boldface the book title or do I just underline?
Can I make a phrase stated by someone a title? I’m planning to use this as a title in my next article for school– Natalie Portman: “I’d rather be smart than a movie” Is this fine? And how do I capitalize it? THANKS!
10 Years of Excellence: A Look Back at Milestones
About titles of books and quotation marks, what is the style for famous works such as the I Ching, Analects of Confucius, Baghavad Gita, and so on?. I’m editing essays on very famous Chinese literary works, some I know are in quotation marks, but I’m not sure of others, many never officially “published.” The Analects of Confucius, for example, is a compilation.
Additionally, which is preferred in lists like the following?
I just wanted to say that Jane is correct. Commas and periods go INSIDE the quote marks. Question marks and exclamation points go outside, unless they’re part of the quote. One of my English teachers had a good way to remember this. Periods and commas are too small to stand outside the quote mark, they need to be inside. I also studied to be an English teacher…
After italicising a word once, do we need to continue italicising it?
Oh, what a tangled web we weave, When first we practice to deceive! —Sir Walter Scott
Newspapers, which follow The Associated Press Stylebook , have their own sets of rules because italics cannot be sent through AP computers.
“In Canada and Britain, some periods and commas go within quotation marks when they belong to the speech within the marks. They go outside the quotation marks when the speech they belong to encompasses the quotation. This is called British style or logical punctuation.”
I’m a Chinese student, English-majored. Here are what I write in my essay:
Although looking a bit awkward, an option that would satisfy both our Rule 6 of Commas , “If something … is sufficiently identified, the description that follows is considered nonessential and should be surrounded by commas,” as well as Rule 4 of Quotation Marks mentioned above: In my dissertation, titled “How should I punctuate this?,” I investigate the elusive title-question-combo punctuation issue.
Yes, italicize the name within the chapter title.
In both the question mark should be italicized since it’s part of the title, but because it’s a part of the title, would there be two question marks at the end of the sentence with the first one being italicized? Or, would the sentence still end in only one question mark? Thank you!
I prefer #2 as it treats each title and associated name as a unit, followed by a colon indicating another list to follow. What do you think?
The Chicago Manual of Style says, “Italics are used for isolated words and phrases from another language, especially if they are not listed in a standard English-language dictionary like Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate or are likely to be unfamiliar to readers.”
The Worldwide Day of Play The Worldwide Day of Play “The Worldwide Day of Play”
If the title at the end of the sentence ends in a question mark, there is no need to follow it with another question mark.
The title of a book at the end of a sentence. Should quotation marks go before or after quotation: “The Greatest Story Ever Told!” or “The Greatest Story Ever Told”!
There’s a little of both, Griffiths says, in Boulez’s 1955 breakthrough Le Marteau sans maître .
Italics or underscoring are not necessary, nor do the words the prophecy generally need to be capitalized.
None of the style guides have any rules which address “offers.”
Do we use “was” written by, or “is” written by when refering to book authors? And also if the book is in quotation marks or italics.
Please refer to Chapter 1 “Introduction to the Project” of the City’s draft report…
“I am the master of my own mind and my mind is fabulous”.
Using quotation marks to delineate the two words in question in the second sentence is acceptable. To clarify the proper position of the exclamation point, The Chicago Manual of Style’s rule regarding exclamation points with quotation marks says, “An exclamation point should be placed inside quotation marks, parentheses, or brackets only when it is part of the quoted or parenthetical matter.” Since the exclamation point in the second sentence is not part of the quoted material, it is placed outside the quotation marks.
Please refer to Chapter 1 Introduction to the Project of the City’s draft report…
In your case, we recommend following the rules of The Associated Press Stylebook as italics cannot be sent through AP computers. They would place the titles of almost all books, films, and plays in quotation marks.
Did I do that properly? It’s for an essay.
As the post states, titles of plays are usually italicized. The exception is if you are required to follow AP Style. The Associated Press Stylebook does not use italics.
I am trying to start a business. I am writing an employees manual that will only be distributed in soft copy, and it will be around 20-25 pages long. The title is, let’s say , Drivers Guide.
I am in the UK but I am working on material that will be published in American English. I came to this page looking for guidance on the use of single versus double quotation marks. In British English in the examples you have given, it would be common to use single quotation marks. Is the single quotation mark never used in American English, except to enclose quotes within a quotation? Is there a different pattern for content that will be published on the Internet, as I believe that single quotation marks are easier to read on a screen?
I couldn’t believe that she said in the same sentence “cheesy” and “Inception!”
I am polishing up my resume and should I use quotes or italized font for a list of movie titles.
Should a title of a book be italicized when it is following a quoted paragraph from the book, for the purpose of introducing an article? In other words this is not running text nor is it a quotation set off within the text; rather, it appears as an extract before the beginning of the article. Following the extract is an en dash, the author’s last name, a comma, and then the book title. None of which are currently italicized. I don’t think the author’s name should be italicized, but should the book title? I can’t find a rule for this in my references. . Thanks for your help!
If the newsletter is going to contain more than one article and it will be broken down in article-like sections, you should italicize the title.
How do you punctuate a title that has a question mark in it and the title comes at the end of a question?
I simply cannot wrap my senses around placing the end-of sentence punctuation within a quote, if the quote appears at the end of the sentence. What do you do, if you make an exclamatory sentence that ends with a quoted question? For example; Oh my God Terry, I nearly fainted when he stood up in church and shouted “will you marry me?”!
Our post Quotations Within Quotations says, “As a courtesy, make sure there is visible space at the start or end of a quotation between adjacent single and double quotation marks.” Also, Rule 4 of Quotation Marks says, “Periods and commas ALWAYS go inside quotation marks .” Kim Bellware, “Fox News Thinks Its Flagrant Racism Asians Is Just ‘Good Fun,’ ” written …
We’re sorry, but this is an area where the details are important. We would prefer to see specifically what you are working with to provide you with clear direction.
What is the proper way to do a title within quotes from someone?
“What is a brand? A person’s gut feeling about a product or service.”
Your examples demonstrate that the American English rule does not always follow logic: “Periods and commas ALWAYS go inside quotation marks.” Placement of quotation marks with other punctuation marks does follow logic.
How would you write a name of an event that is not a familiar event to the reader? I’m referring to a charity event, and writing about something that happened there in a personal essay.
Yes, the title of the book should be italicized.
In writing a letter to patients and reference the Liver Transplant Waitng List. Should this be capitalized ?
Since the book was written in the past, we recommend using was written . Book titles are italicized.
Themes are not specifically mentioned by the style guides, however, the Chicago Manual of Style’s Rule 8.69 says, “A substantive title given to a single meeting, conference, speech, or discussion is enclosed in quotation marks.” Your program might fit into that category. Therefore, you could use quotation marks in a written announcement.
In my dissertation, entitled “How should I punctuate this?”, I investigate the elusive title-question-combo punctuation issue.
The Chicago Manual of Style’s Rule 11.8 says, “Titles of works in languages that use the Latin alphabet are set in italic or roman type according to the principles set forth in 8.156–201—for example, books and periodicals in italic; poems and other short works in roman.” Therefore, write “Les paroles du jour.”
We know of no rule in American English prohibiting the use of however to begin a sentence. According to The Careful Writer by Theodore M. Bernstein, which we sometimes refer to, “…if your elementary-school teacher told you never to begin a sentence with ‘however,’ forget it.” The leading thought behind placement of “however” should always be how it supports clarity of contrasting statements, including when a contrasting statement starts with “however.”
If you are writing this for your own use and not for anyone else, you have a lot of freedom. You can determine what details matter to you. For instance, whether you write “by J.K. Rowling” or ” – J.K. Rowling” is your call. If you write it using a computer, italicize the book title. If handwritten, underline the title the old-fashioned way.
I’m going to continue in that manner and ignore R and ). Thank you all very much. I enjoy the discussion.
What should or shouldn’t be capitalized, on the “A look back…” line?
Titles of plays, regardless of the length of the play, may be italicized.
If you remember Rocky & Bullwinkle, they would often use this rather obscure convention. I believe many Restoration period plays utilized the same.
When ending a sentence with quotation marks around one word, is the period inside the quotation mark? Example: He thinks of her as an old “fuddy-duddy.” She feels he is a notch above “oddball.” And when you are asking a question in a sentence, but have one word ending in a quotation, is this the correct way? Example: Can they help this young man overcome his “problem”?
I have a thorny question related to listing titles and names in a series. Which would be more desirable, when considering punctuation: 1. Text: Paul Simon, Pictures: Paul Levine, Editor: Carol-Ann Redford, Voice Narration: Sandra James, Design: Andrew Lucas.
Does “The Hammer Without a Master” stay as it is or does it need quotation marks around it? How are translations properly typeset?
I have a title for an academic thesis with a foreign term right in the middle of it. Everything will be in caps. WHat to do about the foreign terms, italics or not?
Since there is clearly a possessive meaning, we recommend using an apostrophe in the title Drivers’ Guide.
And can I use italics and quotes throughout an article?
We think you forgot the word star at the end of your quote. Our blogs Capitalizing Composition Titles: The Lowdown and Part II give more information regarding the capitalization of titles. Natalie Portman: “I’d Rather Be Smart Than a Movie Star”
I am writing report card and want to say
Kim Bellware, “Fox News Thinks Its Flagrant Racism Asians Is Just ‘Good Fun’,” written …….
And, Jane THANK YOU so much for not demanding a Facebook connection! Some of us do not want to belong and it is frustrating to be turned away from so many sites because they have given up their selection/certification process to Facebook.
As the post states, titles of books are italicized. We do not recommend underlining or using boldface.
I am writing an essay that includes the title of a film. Should this be in quotation marks and, if it appears at the end of the sentnce, should the period be inside the quotation marks?
Your first sentence is not grammatically correct. It could be written Similes used in different situations have different effects. Your second sentence is incomplete as written. It could be written An example of this is “the quiet lake is like a mirror.” There is not a second period after the quotation marks. Your last sentence is correct as written.
1960s–’70s, Orange City, Florida, Parade 1960s–1970s, Orange City, Florida, Parade
Yes, this issue has been discussed in our blog previously. Please see Fred’s comment of June 13, 2012, and our reply with the same date.
I understand the rule says, and has said, as long as I can remember, that the comma or period go inside the quotation marks, but like the response above, I agree that perhaps it should not. I feel that only the material which is actually being quoted should go inside and this rule has always, always annoyed me. Any chance this will change over time?
I suppose there could be endless discussion on this one grammar rule alone, but I thought the history of this rule is worth noting, so I offer the following information, which I have found on two different websites:
I remember asking my mother, What will I be when I grow up? Whatever you want to be , she said.
Should the title of a prophecy be italicized or underlined?
What if the name of a book is a part of my own book report title? Will I need to italicize the name of the book in my title? Thanks for any help.
To begin though, I would say that I, according to Suzanne Britt’s “Neat People vs Sloppy People”, am sloppy. Where does the comma go?
I adored “The Road Not Traveled”, a poem by Robert Frost. I adored “The Road Not Traveled,” a poem by Robert Frost.
Yes, ‘Death By Dessert,’ is the way it should appear I believe.
children’s rights farmers’ market women’s soccer team boys’ clubs taxpayers’ associations consumers’ group
For the informality of social media, it may be enough to follow our guidelines for capitalization of composition titles and, if necessary, inform your readers that you’re talking about a book.
We appreciate that you say you are in agreement with us, but you might want to review the rules again, because some of your statements reveal beliefs that are incorrect. You could start with the parentheses in your email to us .
A comma is necessary and goes inside double quotation marks in American English. Please see our post Commas with Appositives for more information.
In American English the period and the comma always go within the quotation marks. The dash, the semicolon, the question mark and the exclamation point go within the quotation marks when they apply to the quoted matter only. They go outside when they apply to the whole sentence. Your sentences are punctuated correctly.
I’ve read this over and over again, but I have to ask. Which is more preferred?
Publishers Weekly Diners Club Department of Veterans Affairs”
Since your question is not clearly stated, I will take a guess and answer it the best we can. The answer depends on what kind of program it is. Plays and television programs are italicized. If it is a class or course of study, it should not be underlined or italicized, but it should be capitalized. Brochures or pamphlets should be treated like book titles and italicized. Since it is a title, it should be capitalized. If this is a meeting or conference, it should be enclosed in quotation marks.
Regarding headlines, The Associated Press Stylebook says, “Use single quotes for quotation marks.” AP does not italicize words at all in news stories.
“I can feel her heartbeat for a thousand miles/And the heavens open up everytime she smiles/”
Titles of Books, article/book title example Plays, Articles, etc. Underline Italics Quotation Marks
It is unclear what you mean by “saying.” Is this a direct quote from someone? If not, an article belongs in quotation marks. If it is a quotation, use single quotation marks around the title of the article. Italics are not used for the title of an article in either case.
For example: In his article titled, “The Cookie Monster’s Favorite Cookie,” he mentions that the Cookie Monster does not like peanut butter.
Song titles are NOT italicized, but should be in quotes, correct? What about song lyrics?
The above quote is actually being paraphrased and is from a book. Is there some way to imply the author relationship to the remark using quotation marks and still indicate it is paraphrased? Is the book title italicized or underlined?
The comma goes after “Services” and before the quotation marks. The Chicago Manual of Style recommends italicizing the names of newspapers. You may want to consult The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation for their rule on this.
According to the story, English type sets weren’t made this way, and the periods and commas could stand on their own, so British publications did not adopt this convention.
Since the title of your list is a proper name, it should be capitalized.
I know the correct way is to underline or use italics but I can’t do this with my phone.
For articles that contain punctuation marks How would that be quoted within a sentence.
What about thesis titles in italics placed after colons? Can you tell me what is the correct solution?
Wich of the following is correct and why? St Teresa High School vs St Theresa’s High School St Mary High School vs St Mary’s High School St James College vs or St James’ Collage?
There may be options for how the title may be written, but since you did not provide an example of what you are talking about, we are unable to say for sure.
I don’t know why everyone is getting so huffy. In US English we put the punctuation inside the quotes and in UK English they go outside. I’m a translator, and I translate other languages to both styles, it’s not that one is better or more correct, it’s just how we do things differently in different places. Geez, guys.
Examples: Overstock.com Facebook “Prounouns” section of
AP does not italicize words at all in news stories. Simply capitalize the name.
How do I capitalize the title of a book. “It is What It is” or “It Is What It Is” or “It is What it is” or “It is What It is”
There are times when determining whether a word or word group is essential or nonessential is a matter of writers’ preference. Since appositives are not the focus of this blog post, we have not indicated the context in which these sentences existed. In the examples you mention, we have interpreted “That Time magazine article” and “His article” as sufficient determiners.
Which one is correct? Do you remember the movie Why Did I Get Married Too? or Do you remember the movie Why Did I Get Married Too??
Ok, then based on your description of Direct Internal Dialogue from another post: ‘Direct internal dialogue refers to a character thinking the exact thoughts as written”, then I WOULD put these in quotes, since the whole purpose of an Affirmation is for the person to feel as if they are internally believing and thinking it as they say it.
If the event sounds straightforward and generic, capitals would seem sufficient: National Speakers Forum. But if the event has a more personalized, playful, or fanciful name, quotation marks may be a good option: “Days of Madness Convention 2014.”
If you are wanting to write this using the convention for song lyrics, there should be a space after the first slash to separate it from the next line of lyrics. The slash after smiles would indicate that another line of lyrics follows. Also, every time is two words:
How should I construct a title for a event shown in a picture. I want to convey the time period, locally, state, and event name.
Our Rule 4 of Quotation Marks says, “Periods and commas ALWAYS go inside quotation marks.” That being said, although this work of Jonathan Swift is often referred to as a satirical essay, it is a standalone work. Therefore, we recommend: In Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal ,
The Chicago Manual of Style does agree with your recommendation if quotation marks must be used. Its rule states, “When a greater prominence than capitalization is called for, boldface, italics, color, or some other scheme may be used to distinguish elements. A single treatment may be applied across different types of elements. In general, avoid quotation marks lest they be interpreted as part of the element they enclose. If quotation marks must be used, any punctuation that is not part of the quoted expression should appear outside the quotation marks.”
I know this is an odd question, but I can’t find the answer anywhere. I don’t know if there is a right or wrong way. Thank you for your help!
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Thanks for this article! It’s very helpful.
Direct internal dialogue can either be italicized or enclosed in quotation marks. Our blog Internal Dialogue: Italics or Quotes? has more information about this topic.
How would one write a store name, then? Ie: Williams-Sonoma, Game Craze, Game Stop, LoveSac, etc.
We do not give recommendations for titles of books. However, we do advise that you read and study our rules of capitalization and punctuation. When you do decide on a title, italicize it.
Unless the affirmation is a direct quote, direct internal dialogue, or a title, there is no rule prescribing the use of quotation marks.
Second title after or . Use a semicolon after the title, lowercase or , follow or with a comma. Do not use a semicolon after a question mark or exclamation point. On e Fell Soup ; or, I’m Just a Bug on the Windshield of Life What’s to Become of the Boy? or, Something to Do with Books
How should a book title be set off within a callout that is already italicized as a design choice? Should the book title be set off as roman or in quotation marks? Thank you!
We assume you are asking about the title of an essay. Titles of essays are set in standard type and enclosed in quotation marks. Capitalization rules for titles can be found in our post Capitalizing Composition Titles: The Lowdown.
Your comment is timely, Jodi. Please see our June 24, 2020, article Exchanging English Over the Pond: U.S. and U.K. Part IV.
Thank you so much for your kind and detailed reply! The New Yorker does have a particular house style, it is known for it, in fact, but I believe that the reason they put book titles in quotation is The Associated Press Stylebook , and not some preference invented by themselves. A bit strange.
Are there any grammar guides that provide a definitive answer to this question?
The New Yorker marches to the beat of its own drummer. It is fruitless to second-guess its long-standing policies.
Won awards in national contests for promotional efforts related to the movie releases of Disney’s The Lion King, Pocahontas , and Toy Story . Which is correct or better to use in these examples?
No quotation marks or italics are used, but the name should be capitalized.
What happens with the names of programs and offers, such as for example of particular programs of a philharmonic orchestra, e.g. The Modern Beethoven, or tourist-agency offers such as Cities of Europe? Quotation marks, italics, or none of those?
There are no punctuation rules that specifically relate to titles. However, we can obtain some guidance from our Rule 6 of Commas, which states, “Use a comma to separate the city from the state and after the state in a document.” It would also be logical to separate each of your categories with commas. Our blog “Dates and Times” says, “When using an incomplete numeral, use an apostrophe to replace the first two numbers.” And, our rule of Dashes states, “An en dash, roughly the width of an n, is a little longer than a hyphen. It is used for periods of time when you might otherwise use to.” Any of the following examples would likely be acceptable:
Advertisement If the article or the existing discussions do not address a thought or question you have on the subject, please use the “Comment” box at the bottom of this page. Share Tweet Email 294 responses to “Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc.: Underline? Italics? Quotation Marks?” Jane says: August 15, 2008, at 10:46 pm His article, “Death by Dessert,” appeared … Commas are placed inside quotation marks in American English. The Associated Press Stylebook , The Chicago Manual of Style , and our Rule 4 of Quotation Marks all state that periods and commas always go inside quotation marks.
What is the AP style preference for mentioning an article in text? I’ve looked everywhere and I can’t seem to find a straight answer. I understand that publications are in initial caps but what about individual articles?
What about the names of restaurants, cafés, and boutiques – are they to be italicized?
Kim Bellware, “Fox News Thinks Its Flagrant Racism Asians Is Just ‘Good Fun,’” written …….
Is there a consistent rule for formatting the title of a book, film, play, etc., when neither italics nor underlining are possible? Our in-house system does not render HTML formatting, so, in this instance, would it be advisable to put such titles in quotation marks, or simply to leave them “bare” and properly capitalized?
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Thank you for this wonderful site and all of your great work! Speaking as a paranoid grammar geek, it is comforting to have a place to which one can turn for insight and affirmation.
In both occurrences he has correctly italicized the title. But in the first occurrence he has also enclosed the title in quotation marks. Is this correct just because the verbiage is different?
I am wondering if I should use quotation marks or italics when a character is thinking about – in their head – a conversation they had with another . how to write an article on linkedin